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National Park

Sinharaja National Park

  Province Sabaragamuwa and Southern
  District Galle ,Ratnapura & Matara
  Type of the Forest


Criteria ix, x

Reference 405

Region** Asia-Pacific

Inscription history

Inscription 1988 (10th Session)

UNESCO World Heritage Site

  Established April, 1978
  Governing body Department of Wildlife Conservation
  Area 88.64 km2

Sinharaja Forest Reserve is a national park and a biodiversity hotspot in Sri Lanka. It is international significance and has been designated a Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The hilly virgin rainforest, part of the Sri Lanka lowland rain forests ecoregion, was saved from the worst of commercial logging by its inaccessibility, and was designated a World Biosphere Reserve in 1978 and a World Heritage Site in 1988. The reserve's name translates as Kingdom of the Lion.

The reserve is only 21 km (13 mi) from east to west, and a maximum of 7 km (4.3 mi) from north to south, but it is a treasure trove of endemic species, including trees, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.

Because of the dense vegetation, wildlife is not as easily seen as at dry-zone national parks such as Yala. There are about 3 elephants and the 15 or so leopards are rarely seen. The commonest larger mammal is the endemic Purple-faced Langur.

An interesting phenomenon is that birds tend to move in mixed feeding flocks, invariably led by the fearless Greater Racket-tailed Drongo and the noisy Orange-billed Babbler. Of Sri Lanka's 26 endemic birds, the 20 rainforest species all occur here, including the elusive Red-faced Malkoha, Green-billed Coucal and Sri Lanka Blue Magpie.

Reptiles include the endemic Green pit viper and Hump-nosed vipers, and there are a large variety of amphibians, especially tree frogs. Invertebrates include the endemic Common Birdwing butterfly and the inevitable leeches.

Access ways

1. Kudawa entrance - Colombo --> Kalawana --> Kudawa

2. Pitadeniya Entrance - Galle or Matara --> Deniyaya --> Pitadeniya

3. Morning Side Entrance -- Galle or Matara --> Deniyaya --> Morning Side Estate.

  Physical features




  Endemic varieties