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Muthiyangana Rajamaha Viharaya

  Province Uva
  District Badulla
  Nearest Town Muthiyangana
  Period During the period of Buddha alive.(5th century BC)
  Ruler Deva King Indaka


A cetiya erected by King Devanampiya Tissa enshrining the relics of Lord Buddha. The site has been consecrated by Lord Buddha, who spent a few moments absorbed in ecstatic meditation.


Muthiyangana Raja Maha Vihara is an ancient Buddhist temple located in the Badulla District of Sri Lanka. Buddhists believe that this site has been visited by Gautama Buddha, and it is regarded as one of the Solosmasthana, the 16 sacred places in the country. During this visit, a local chieftain named Deva King Indika had wanted something to worship in memory of the visit. On the eighth year after attaining Nirvana (in the 5th century BC), the Buddha and 500 Arhaths visited this Island for the third time on the invitation of Naga King Maniakkika to to Kelaniya. On the same visit, Buddha came to Badulla on the invitation of the Deva King Indaka (now elevated to the Deity status), ruler of the Namunukula Mountain Range. At the same location where Buddha made his sermons, the King Indaka built a stupa enshrining some hair and mukthaka Dathu (drops of sweat turned in to pearls) of Buddha. This is the birth of the Muthiyangana Stupa. This stupa and the temple has been expanded , reconstructed and renovated by many kings during the next 2500 years.

The History of this temple goes back to the time of Buddha but this area around Badulla (specially Uva Province) goes way back in to the time of 19th - 18th century BC. It is believed a During this time the a mighty king called Ravana was ruling this the country with Badulla as the capital. It is also believed that the War of Rama and Ravana in the Indian Epic also happened in this area. There are many places and names which identifies this area (such as Seetha Eliya, Seetha Kotuwa, Ravana Ella) as the location described in this Indian epic. It is said that the Ravana finally lost the war and winner Vibishana took the capital to Kelaniya and the Uva gradually got lost in history until the 5th century BC.