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sri lanka

 

The Bandaranaike International Airport is the country's only international airport, located in Katunayaka, 22 kilometres north of Colombo. SriLankan Airlines is the official national carrier own by Government of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka is the 53rd most populated nation in the world, with an annual population growth rate of 0.79%. Sri Lanka has a Birth rate of 15.63 births per 1,000 people and a death rate of 6.49 deaths per 1,000 people. Population density is highest in western Sri Lanka, especially in and around the capital.. A good twenty percent of the population lives in the westen province which is the home of capital Colombo. (Strictly speaking Sri Jayawardanapura is the political capital of Sri Lanka and Colombo the Commercial center.) The Sinhalese community forms the majority of the population 74% of the total population; Tamils, who are concentrated in the north and east of the island, form the largest ethnic minority. Other communities include Moors, Burghers, Kaffirs, Malays and the indigenous Vedda Peoples.

Sinhalese and Tamil are the two official languages of Sri Lanka but English is widely spoken and understood. The people are friendly, the food is delicious and costs are low. Sri Lankans main foods is Rice and curry.

With a literacy rate of 92%, and 83% of the total population is having had Secondary Education. The island is the home of two main traditional cultures: the Sinhalese (centred in the ancient cities of Kandy and Anuradhapura) and the Tamil (centred in the city of Jaffna). In more recent times a British colonial culture was added, and lately Sri Lanka, particularly in the urban areas, has experienced a dramatic makeover in the western mould. Sri Lankans have added its tradition foods customary diet such as rice and curry, Kiribath (cooked in thick Coconut cream for this unsweetened rice-pudding which is accompanied by a sharp chili relish called "lunumiris"), Every year on or about 13 April Sinhala and Tamil people celebrate Sinhalese and Tamil new year Festival, Vesak, and Poson Buddhist religues festivals and Muslims celebrate Ramadan. Esala Peraera (A-suh-luh peh-ruh-ha-ruh) is the grand festival of Esala held in Sri Lanka. It is very grand with elegant costumes. Happening in July or August in Kandy, it has become a unique symbol of Sri Lanka. It is a Buddhist festival consisting of dances and richly decorated elephants. While the national sport in Sri Lanka is volleyball by far the most popular sport in the country is cricket, rugby union also enjoys extensive popularity, as do aquatic sports, athletics, football (soccer) and tennis. Sri Lanka's schools and colleges regularly organise sports and athletics teams, competing on provincial and national levels Around 400,000 tourists visit the country each year to take in the sun the sea and the sand. Sri Lanka is a great tourist destination and has a wide range of geographic features and is rich in natural beauty. A large part of the country is covered in tropical forests, with hundreds of rivers flowing through them, often cascading in awesome waterfalls

  Location of Sri Lanka in the world map North 55°5 East 79°52 81°52
  Area Square km 65,610
  Top to bottom(North to South) Distance 447 km
  Width (west to East) Distance 219 km
  Sri Lanka Sea Limit 200 km
  Sea coast length of Sri Lanka 1771 km
  Sri Lanka Introduced to the world by Clodius Tolamy in 2nd century A.D.
  Independent day 4th February, 1948
  Official name Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
  Constitution 7th September 1978
  Capital of Sri Lanka Sri jayawardanapura
  Commercial city of Sri Lanka Colombo
  Highest rainfall received from May to September
  Lowest rainfall receives Mannar- 975 mm per annually
  Highest rainfalls received Watawala 5537 mm per annually
  Biggest island of Sri Lanka Thalailmannar
  Total highway distance 28,336 km
  Population of Sri Lanka 20.06 millions
  Ethnic Groups Sinhalese 74%
Tamil 17%
Muslim 08%
Burgher, Malay, Vedda 01%
  Chief Rligious Affiliation Buddhist 69%
Hindu 15%
Christians 08%
Muslim 08%
  Average lifetimes Male- 68 , Female – 72
  Educational rate Male – 90.52%, Female – 82.4%
  Birth rate of Sri Lanka 1000:19:7
  Death rate of Sri Lanka 1000:14
  No of schools 9771
  Sri Lanka joined as a member of UN on 14-12-1955
  Biggest Reservoir Randenigala
  Natural Harbour Trincomalee
  Highest Railway Station Pattipola
  Airports Katunayaka,
Ratmalana,
Batticaloa,
Palali,
Ampara,
Trincomalee,
Veeravila
  Highest Valley Hatton Valley
  Main Minerals Gems, Minerals, Clay and Limestons
  Main Passes of Sri Lanka Matale Balakaduwa pass
Galagedara pass
Balangoda pass
Ginigathhena pass
Ella pass
Haputhale pass
  Main Exports of Sri Lanka Tea, Cocount, Rubber, Gems and Garment